Are weekends and nights a possibility? How much time we will need for each meeting? How often should meetings be scheduled? The ideal meeting time would meet these criteria, in order of importance: Not conflict with any members school or extra-curricular schedule. Be at a time that is optimal for group productivity (that is, when energy levels are highest, and when members would be most prepared to participate). Be during daytime working hours. These are the times when all group members are free from prior commitments: Mondays 12 to 1:30. Wednesdays 6 to 7:30.
Group Work in the Classroom: Types of Small Groups centre for
After a group has identified a decision to be made, each member is asked how he/she feels about the proposed decision by selecting one of the following responses: I can say an unqualified yes to the decision. I find the decision acceptable. I can live with the decision, but Im not especially enthusiastic about. I do not fully agree with the decision, but I do not choose to block. I do not agree with the decision, and I feel we should explore other options. If all the responses from the group members are arabia 1, 2, 3, or 4, you have a consensus and are ready to move. All members feel that they have had an equal opportunity to influence the decision and will continue to support the group The best way to make decisions, if you have the time may be difficult to reach a consensus may be very time consuming Combining. Polarizing (black-and-white) decisions are avoided Implementation may take longer since more than one idea is being considered A decision that combines two solutions can sometimes be worse than either of the original solutions Example: Identify the decision to be made. When should our group meetings be scheduled? Determine each members current schedule of prior commitments (e.g., classes, activities).
Includes a voting procedure and, therefore, gives the impression that the final decision represents each persons opinion. Not suitable for issues, takes time. The numbers game can result in a decision that no one fully supports. Decision by unanimity, all group members must agree that the decision is the best one. Everyone will be on board with the decision and resulting course of action. Unanimous agreement might be impossible to reach. Decision by consensus, the decision is discussed and negotiated until everyone resumes affected by it understands and agrees with what will be done. Consensus in decision making means that all members genuinely agree that the decision is acceptable.
Uses democratic participation in the process. Fast, tyranny of the majority often overwhelms minority views, perhaps encouraging factions to form within the group. Decision by negative minority, the group holds a vote for the most unpopular idea and eliminates. They repeat this process until only one idea is left. Democratic, useful when there are many ideas and few voters. Group members may feel resentful at having their ideas voted as unpopular. Slow, decision by ranking, group members individually write down the 5 (or fewer) ideas they like best, then rank each idea from 1 to 5, with 5 being the best. The votes are recorded on the board and totalled. The idea with the highest total presentation is selected.
Based on the criteria identified in step 3, evaluate whether the decision was successful. If not, revisit step 4 to evaluate the other options or generate new ones. Decision-making methods, in order to make the jump from brainstorming potential solutions for solving a problem to evaluating and selecting the best solution, group members need to make decisions. There are several possible methods of decision making that a group can use. A few of them are briefly described below, with advantages on the left and disadvantages on the right for each one: Decision by authority, the group generates ideas and holds open discussions, but the final decision is made by one person. Appropriate when there is a clear expert in the topic at hand. Very fast, does not maximize the strengths of the individuals in the group. The group may not be dedicated to implementing a decision made by one person. Decision by majority, the group holds a vote on a particular issue following a period of discussion.
What are the benefits of group work?
Once you have a list of potential solutions, you are now ready to evaluate them for the best alternative according to the criteria identified in step. Remember that you may be able to combine ideas to create a solution. Ideally, everyone would agree with solution (a consensus but it's possible that not everyone will. In this case, you will need to use a different decision making methods (see methods in next section). Additional questions to ask when evaluating alternatives are: What are the pros/cons for each option?
Which option hire is the most realistic to accomplish for now? Which option is the most likely to solve the problem for the long-term? This involves identifying the resources necessary to implement the decision, as well as the potential obstacles, then taking action. Decide: What should be done? Monitor essay and evaluate the outcome.
Identify the criteria or conditions that would determine whether a chosen solution is successful. Ideally, a solution will be feasible, move the group forward, and meet the needs of every group member. You may want to rank the criteria in order of importance (for example., circumstances may be such that some issues may not be fully resolved). Consider these questions: What would make a solution/decision successful? What issues need to be dealt with in the solution? What criteria will help us determine whether everyone is happy with the solution/decision?
Are some criteria more necessary than others? Using the resources and information collected above, brainstorm for potential solutions to the problem or decision identified in step. This involves collecting as many ideas as possible. At this stage, ideas should not be criticized or evaluated. Some questions to ask include: What are some possible solutions that would meet most of our established criteria? Are there any options that we may have overlooked? What could we do in the absence of constraints? Evaluate options and select the best one.
Using Roles in Group Work the teaching Center
Analyze the issue under discussion. Once you have defined your goal (i.e., the decision to be made or the problem to be overcome examine the data and resources that you already have, and identify what additional information you may need. Ask yourselves: What is causing the problem? For whom is this a problem? What is wrong with the current situation? Why do we need to deal with this issue/decision? Where else can we find the resources?
There are a variety of ways to make decisions as a group; the seven-step decision-making model presented below offers an effective structure for choosing an appropriate course of action for a particular task or project. It can also be an effective method for dealing with a problem or interpersonal conflict that arises within the group. Identify the decision to be made. Before beginning to gather information and proposal list alternatives, it is important for you as a group to understand clearly what you are trying to decide so you have a goal on which to focus your discussions. Potential questions to ask are: What are the particulars of the assigned task? What are we being asked to do? What conflict is affecting our group effectiveness? What barrier to effective group work are we facing?
important, then this person will share the main idea or topic of each passage with the team. This person will help summarize the reading. Connector - this person makes connections between the reading and real life (student's real life or anything the connector knows about). Word wizard - this person defines or discusses interesting or confusing words. In a group of three, everyone will take turns being the word wizard. Audio version of "Group decision making" tip sheet (MP3). Because the performance of a group involves taking into account the needs and opinions of every group member, being able to come to an equitable decision as efficiently as possible is important for the functioning of the group.
This person also sees to it that the group has everything it needs. The monitor is the only person who can pull the captain aside and remind her/him that s/he is not doing her/his job if the captain is off task. Recorder - this person sees to it that the group has all the information it needs. This person sees to it that notes are taken or that information is copied from a website and saved. This person has the added responsibility to make sure paper that the team's work is original and not plagiarized. Reporter - this person is in charge of reporting the group's accomplishments. When the group presents a final product, the reporter is in charge of seeing that it gets done on time and well. None of the aforementioned jobs excuses any team member from not working at any time. In a group of three, everyone will take turns reporting.
Five steps to Improving Online Group Work Assignments
Cooperative group Responsibilities, cooperative team Jobs Sheet, when working in a cooperative group, all students are responsible for staying on task and contributing equally to write the project at hand. To facilitate group work, each student is expected to:. Use buddy or table voices when working in groups. Listen to each other (eyes on speaker, nod, ask questions, paraphrase). If, after everyone has given input, the problem is not resolved, then raise your hands and ask the teacher. Be responsible (contribute to your group but don't do all the work yourself). To facilitate students in being responsible team members the following jobs were created. Students themselves decide who in the group will be: Captain - this person is in charge of seeing to it that the group is organized, gets started on projects quickly and everyone knows what. Monitor - this person keeps track of time to keep the group working smoothly.