Whether abbreviations like these are formed with upper- or lower-case letters is a matter of great mystery; only your dictionary editor knows for sure.) Notice, furthermore, that we do not use an apostrophe to create plurals in the following: The 1890s in Europe are widely. I have prepared 1099s for the entire staff. Rosa and her brother have identical IQs, and they both have phDs from Harvard. She has over 400 urls * in her bookmark file. Singular Subjects, Plural Predicates, etc. We frequently run into a situation in which a singular subject is linked to a plural predicate: my favorite breakfast is cereal with fruit, milk, orange juice, and toast. Sometimes, too, a plural subject can be linked to singular predicate: Mistakes in parallelism are the only problem here.
What is a word words- that - start - with - the -letter-j meaning
You have fifteen and 's in that last paragraph. Notice that we do not use an apostrophe -s to create the plural of a word-in-itself. For instance, we would refer to the "ins and outs" of a mystery, the "yeses and nos" of a vote (nypl writer's guide to Style and Usage and we assume that Theodore bernstein knew what he was talking about in his book dos, don'ts maybes. We would also write "The shortstop made two spectacular outs in that inning." But when we refer to a word-as-a-word, we first italicize it i pointed out the use of the word out in that sentence. and if necessary, we pluralize it by adding the unitalicized apostrophe -s "In his essay on prepositions, jose used an astonishing three dozen out 's." This practice is not universally followed, and in newspapers, you would find our example sentence written without italics or apostrophe. The speed of an internal combustion engine is measured in "revolution s per minute" or rpm (lower case) and the efficiency of an automobile is reported in "mile s per gallon" or mpg (no "-s" endings). On the other hand, baseball players love to accumulate "run s batted in a statistic that is usually reported as rbis unit (although it would not be terribly unusual to hear that someone got 100 rbi last year and some baseball commentators will talk about "ribbies. Military provides "meal s ready to eat" and those rations are usually described as mres fuel (not mre). When an abbreviation can be used to refer to a singular thing a run batted in, a meal ready-to-eat, a prisoner of war it's surely a good idea to form the plural by adding "s" to the abbreviation: rbis, mres, pows. (Notice that no apostrophe is involved in the formation of these plurals.
In the uk, the city or country names by which British newspapers refer to soccer teams, for example, are used as plurals a practice that seems odd and inconsistent to American ears: "A minute's silence will precede the game at le stadium today, when toulouse. This dictum seems to prevail in Safire's own New York times: "The miami heat, typical of its resilience at home, was far from through. " But just about everywhere else in the world of sports reporting, this is not the case. Even in the times, an ap report summary asserts that "The heat, down 2-0 in the east Conference semifinal series, have won 16 straight home games." The boston Globe says that "the new England revolution are reestablishing their reputation for resourcefulness and spirited play." and "the. Here we also should italicize this "word as word but not the 's ending that belongs. Do not use the apostrophes to create the plural of acronyms (pronounceable abbreviations such as laser and ira and url and other abbreviations. (A possible exception to this last rule is an acronym that ends in "S "We filed four nos's in that folder. jeffrey got four A's on his last report card. Towanda learned very quickly to mind her p 's and q 's.
When a family name (a proper noun) is pluralized, we almost always simply add an long "s." so we go to visit the Smiths, the kennedys, the Grays, etc. When a family name ends in s, x, ch, sh, or z, however, we form the plural by added -es, as in the marches, the joneses, the maddoxes, the bushes, the rodriguezes. Do not form a family name plural by using an apostrophe; that device is reserved for creating possessive forms. When a proper noun ends in an "s" with a hard "z" sound, we don't add any ending to form the plural: "The Chambers are coming to dinner" (not the Chamberses "The hodges used to live here" (not the hodgeses). There are exceptions even to this: we say "The joneses are coming over and we'd probably write "The Stevenses are coming, too." A modest proposal: women whose last names end in "s" (pronounced "z should marry and take the names of men whose last names. The names of companies and other organizations are usually regarded as singular, regardless of their ending: "General Motors has announced its fall lineup of new vehicles." Try to avoid the inconsistency that is almost inevitable when you think of corporate entities as a group. Their cars will no longer use tires built by firestone." Some writers will use a plural verb when a plural construction such as "Associates" is part of the company's title or when the title consists of a series of names: "Upton, vernon, and Gridley are. The names of sports teams, on the other hand, are treated london as plurals, regardless of the form of that name. We would write that "The yankees have signed a new third baseman" and "The yankees are a great organization" (even if we're red Sox fans) and that "For two years in a row, the Utah jazz have attempted to draft a big man." When.
" The number of applicants is steadily increasing." " A number on the other hand, is a plural form: "There are several students in the lobby. A number are here to see the president." Collective nouns are count nouns which means they, themselves, can be pluralized: a university has several athletic teams and classes. And the immigrant families kept watch over their herds and flocks. The word following the phrase one of the (as an object of the preposition of ) will always be plural. One of the reasons we do this is that it rains a lot in spring. One of the students in this room is responsible. Notice, though, that the verb is agrees with one, which is singular, and not with the object of the preposition, which is always plural.
What is a word words- that - start - with -r meaning
More than one memo memos more than one cello cellos. And for words where another vowel comes before the. More than one stereo stereos Plurals of words that end in -f or -fe usually change the f sound to a v sound and add s or -es. More than one knife knives more than one leaf leaves more than one hoof hooves more than one life lives more than one self selves more than one elf elves There are, however, exceptions: more than one dwarf dwarfs more than one roof roofs When. Some dictionaries, for instance, will list both wharfs and wharves as acceptable plural forms of wharf. It makes for good arguments when you're playing Scrabble. The online version of Merriam-Webster's wwwebster Dictionary should help.
Collective nouns, company names, family names, Sports teams There are, further, so called collective nouns, which are singular when we think of them as groups and plural when we think of the individuals acting within the whole (which happens sometimes, but not often). Audience band class committee crowd dozen family flock group heap herd jury kind lot the number public staff team Thus, if we're talking about eggs, we could say "A dozen is probably not enough." But if we're talking partying with our friends, we could say. But The jury came in and took their seats. We could say the tokyo string quartet is one of the best safety string ensembles in the world, but we could say the beatles were some of the most famous singers in history. Generally, band names and musical groups take singular or plural verbs depending on the form of their names: "The mamas dahl and the papas were one of the best groups of the 70s" and "Metallica is my favorite band." Note that "the number" is a singular.
Even textbooks in computer science are beginning to use "data" as a singular. Alumni and alumnae remain problematic. The plural of masculine singular alumnus is alumni ; the plural of feminine singular alumna is alumnae. In traditional Latin, the masculine plural form, alumni, could include both genders. This does not go over well with some female alums.
We note, furthermore, that Vassar College, which now has both, has lists of alumni and alumnae. Hartford College for Women, we assume, has only alumnae. In its publication style manual, wesleyan University approves of alumni/ae. The genderless graduate and the truncated and informal alum have much to commend them. Special Cases With words that end in a consonant and a y, you'll need to change the y to an i and add. More than one baby babies more than one gallery galleries (Notice the difference between this and galleys, where the final y is not preceded by a consonant.) more than one reality realities This rule does not apply to proper nouns: more than one kennedy kennedys. More than one potato potatoes more than one hero heroes.
Food names that start with the letter
Plural Compound nouns Compound words create special problems when we need to pluralize them. As a general rule, the element within the compound that word that is pluralized will receive the plural -s, but it's not always that simple. Daughters-in-law follows the general rule, but cupfuls does not. See the special section on Compound nouns and Modifiers or, better assignment yet, a good dictionary, for additional help. Problem Children Many careful writers insist that the words data and media are latin about plurals and must, therefore, be used as plural words. The singular Latin forms of these words, however, are seldom used: datum as a single bit of information or medium as a single means of communication. Many authorities nowadays approve sentences like my data is lost. And The media is out to get the President.
(Nowadays you will sometimes see this word as a singular "pant" meaning one pair of pants especially in clothing ads, but most essay writers would regard that as an affectation.) Her scissors were stolen. The glasses have slipped down his nose again. When a noun names the title of something or is a word being used as a word, it is singular whether the word takes a singular form or not. Faces is the name of the new restaurant downtown. Okies, which most people regard as a disparaging word, was first used to describe the residents of Oklahoma during the 1930s. Chelmsley brothers is the best moving company in town. Postcards is my favorite novel. The term okies was used to describe the residents of Oklahoma during the 1930s. (In this sentence, the word okies is actually an appositive for the singular subject, "term.
and, finally, there are nouns. (see media and data and alumni, below.) more than one nucleus nuclei more than one syllabus syllabi more than one focus foci more than one fungus fungi more than one cactus cacti ( cactuses is acceptable) more than one thesis theses more than one crisis. Gymnastics is fun to watch. is said to be difficult. Economics" can sometimes be a plural concept, as in "The economics of the situation demand that. numerical expressions are usually singular, but can be plural if the individuals within a numerical group are acting individually: Fifty thousand dollars is a lot of money. One-half of the faculty is retiring this summer. One-half of the faculty have doctorates. Fifty percent of the students have voted already. And another handful of nouns might seem to be singular in nature but take a plural form and always use a plural verb: my pants are torn.
There are links to more sentence identification and sentence building exercises on the. Writing Index of this website. Click for a summative test of the information on this page. The plural form of most nouns is created simply by adding the letter. More than one snake snakes more than one ski skis more than one barrymore barrymores, words that end golf in -ch, x, s or s-like sounds, however, will require an -es for the plural: more than one witch witches more than one box boxes more than. "Busses" is the plural, of course, for "buss a seldom used word for "kiss.". There are several nouns that have irregular plural forms. Plurals formed in this way are sometimes called mutated (or mutating) plurals.
What Is a word Which means beautiful That Starts With The letter T?
General advice: If you are not sure whether you have written a owl good, correct sentence, ask your teacher! And remember: The more you read in English, the better a writer you will become. This is because reading good writing provides you with models of English sentence structure that will have a positive influence on your own written work. Note: good writing consists not only of a string of varied, correctly-structured sentences. The sentences must also lead from one to the next so that the text is cohesive and the writer's ideas are coherent. For information on these two important concepts, go to the. Language words for non-language teachers page and click on, cohesion. Click to see the collected writing advice from this page.