While climbing a flight of stairs, he experienced some discomfort, but was able to enter the auditorium after a brief rest. 84 At around 6:35.m. Ist, only five minutes into his lecture, he collapsed. 85 86 he was rushed to the nearby bethany hospital in a critical condition; upon arrival, he lacked a pulse or any other signs of life. 85 Despite being placed in the intensive care unit, kalam was confirmed dead of a sudden cardiac arrest at 7:45. His last words, to his aide Srijan Pal Singh, were reportedly: "Funny guy! Are you doing well?" 89 Following his death, kalam's body was airlifted in an Indian Air Force helicopter from Shillong to guwahati, from where it was flown to new Delhi on the morning of 28 July in an air force c-130j hercules. The flight landed at Palam Air Base that afternoon and was received by the President, the vice President, the Prime minister, Chief Minister of Delhi Arvind Kejriwal, and the three service chiefs of the Indian Armed Forces, who laid wreaths on Kalam's body.
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He said of his decision not to do so: Many, many citizens have also expressed the same wish. It only reflects their love and affection for me and the aspiration of the people. I am really overwhelmed by this support. This being their wish, i respect. I want to thank them for the trust they have. 77 Post-presidency After leaving office, kalam became a visiting professor at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, and the Indian Institute of Management Indore ; an honorary fellow of Indian Institute of Science, bangalore ; 78 chancellor of the. He taught information technology at the International Institute of Information Technology, hyderabad, and technology at Banaras Hindu University and Anna University., kalam launched a programme for the youth of India called the What Can i give movement, with summary a central theme of defeating corruption. 80 81 In 2011, kalam was criticised by civil groups over his stand on the koodankulam Nuclear Power Plant ; he supported the establishment of the nuclear power plant and was accused of not speaking with the local people. 82 The protesters were hostile to his visit as they saw him as a pro-nuclear scientist and were unimpressed by the assurances he provided regarding the safety features of the plant. 83 death Kalam at Bijnor a week before his death On, kalam travelled to Shillong to deliver a lecture on "Creating a livable Planet Earth" at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong.
At the end of his term, on, kalam expressed his willingness to consider a second term in office provided there was certainty about his victory in the 2007 presidential election. 64 However, two days later, he decided not to contest the Presidential election again stating that he wanted to avoid involving Rashtrapati Bhavan from any political processes. 65 he did not have the support of the left parties, Shiv sena and upa constituents, to receive a renewed mandate. 66 67 nearing the expiry of the term of the 12th President Pratibha patil on, media reports in April claimed that Kalam was likely to be nominated for his second term. After the reports, social networking sites witnessed a number of people supporting his candidature. 71 72 The bjp potentially backed his nomination, saying that the party would lend their support if the Trinamool Congress, samajwadi party and Indian National Congress proposed him for the 2012 presidential election. 73 74 A month ahead of the election, mulayam Singh Yadav and Mamata banerjee also expressed their support for Kalam. 75 days afterwards, mulayam Singh Yadav backed out, leaving Mamata banerjee as the solitary supporter. 76 On, kalam declined to contest the 2012 presidential poll.
50 During his term as president, he was affectionately known as the people's President, saying that signing the Office of Profit guaranteed Bill was the toughest decision he had taken during his tenure. Kalam was criticised for his inaction in deciding the fate of 20 out of the 21 mercy petitions submitted to him during his tenure. 57 Article 72 of the constitution of India empowers the President of India to grant pardons, and suspend or commute the death sentence of convicts on death row. 57 58 Kalam acted on only one mercy plea in his five-year tenure as president, rejecting the plea of rapist Dhananjoy chatterjee, who was later hanged. 57 Perhaps the most notable plea was from Afzal Guru, a kashmiri terrorist who was convicted of conspiracy in the december 2001 attack on the Indian Parliament and was sentenced to death by the supreme court of India in 2004. 58 While the sentence was scheduled to be carried out on, the pending action on his mercy plea resulted in him remaining on death row. 58 he also took the controversial decision to impose President's Rule in Bihar in 2005. 59 In essay September 2003, in an interactive session in pgi chandigarh, kalam supported the need of Uniform civil Code in India, keeping in view the population of the country.
I was thinking what message i can give to the people of the country at this juncture. 44 On 18 June, kalam filed his nomination papers in the Indian Parliament, accompanied by vajpayee and his senior Cabinet colleagues. 45 The polling for the presidential election began on in Parliament and the state assemblies, with the media claiming that the election was a one-sided affair and Kalam's victory was a foregone conclusion; the count was held on 18 July. 46 Kalam became the 11th president of the republic of India in an easy victory, 47 and moved into the rashtrapati Bhavan after he was sworn in on 25 July. 48 Kalam was the third President of India to have been honoured with a bharat Ratna, india's highest civilian honour, before becoming the President. Dr Sarvepalli radhakrishnan (1954) and Dr zakir Hussain (1963) were the earlier recipients of Bharat Ratna who later became the President of India. 49 he was also the first scientist and the first bachelor to occupy rashtrapati Bhawan.
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32 However, the distribution director of the site test, k santhanam, said that the thermonuclear bomb had been a " fizzle " and criticisied Kalam for issuing an incorrect report. 33 Both Kalam and Chidambaram dismissed the claims. 34 In 1998, along with cardiologist Soma raju, kalam developed a low cost coronary stent, named the "Kalam-Raju Stent". 35 36 In 2012, the duo designed a rugged tablet computer for health care in rural areas, which was named the "Kalam-Raju tablet". 37 Presidency kalam served as the 11th President of India, succeeding.
He won the 2002 presidential election with an electoral vote of 922,884, surpassing the 107,366 votes won by lakshmi sahgal. His term lasted from to 38 On, the national Democratic Alliance (NDA) which was in power at the time, expressed that they would nominate kalam for the post of President, 39 40 and both the samajwadi party and the nationalist Congress Party backed his candidacy. 41 42 After the samajwadi party announced its support for Kalam, narayanan chose not to seek a second term in office, leaving the field clear. 43 Kalam said of the announcement of his candidature: i am really overwhelmed. Everywhere both in Internet and in other media, i have been asked for a message.
In the 1970s, kalam also directed two projects, Project devil and Project Valiant, which sought to develop ballistic missiles from the technology of the successful slv programme. 28 Despite the disapproval of the Union Cabinet, prime minister Indira gandhi allotted secret funds for these aerospace projects through her discretionary powers under Kalam's directorship. 28 Kalam played an integral role convincing the Union Cabinet to conceal the true nature of these classified aerospace projects. 28 His research and educational leadership brought him great laurels and prestige in the 1980s, which prompted the government to initiate an advanced missile programme under his directorship. 28 Kalam and Dr runachalam, metallurgist and scientific adviser to the defence minister, worked on the suggestion by the then Defence minister,. Venkataraman on a proposal for simultaneous development of a quiver of missiles instead of taking planned missiles one after another.
29 r venkatraman was instrumental in getting the cabinet approval for allocating 388 crores for the mission, named Integrated guided Missile development Programme (igmdp) and appointed Kalam as the chief executive. 29 Kalam played a major part in developing many missiles under the mission including Agni, an intermediate range ballistic missile and Prithvi, the tactical surface-to-surface missile, although the projects have been criticised for mismanagement and cost and time overruns. 29 30 Kalam served as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime minister and Secretary of the defence research and development Organisation from July 1992 to december 1999. The pokhran-ii nuclear tests were conducted during this period in which he played an intensive political and technological role. Kalam served as the Chief Project coordinator, along with Rajagopala Chidambaram, during the testing phase. 11 31 Media coverage of Kalam during this period made him the country's best known nuclear scientist.
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He started his career by designing a small hovercraft, but remained unconvinced by his choice of a job at drdo. 26 Kalam was also part of the incospar committee working under vikram Sarabhai, the renowned space scientist. 13 In 1969, kalam was transferred to the Indian Space research Organisation (isro) where he was the project director of India's first Satellite launch Vehicle ( slv -iii) which successfully deployed the rohini satellite in near-earth orbit in July 1980; Kalam had first started work. 1 In 1969, kalam received the government's approval and expanded the programme to include more engineers. 25 Kalam addresses engineering students at iit guwahati In 1963 to 1964, he visited nasa 's for Langley research Center in Hampton, virginia ; Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, maryland ; and Wallops Flight Facility. 11 27 Between the 1970s and 1990s, kalam made an effort to develop the polar Satellite launch Vehicle (pslv) and slv-iii projects, both of which proved to be successful. Kalam was invited by raja ramanna to witness the country's first nuclear test Smiling Buddha as the representative of tbrl, even though he had not participated in its development.
21 After completing his education at the Schwartz higher Secondary School, ramanathapuram, kalam went on to attend saint Joseph's College, tiruchirappalli, then affiliated with the University of Madras, from where he graduated in physics in 1954. 22 he moved to madras in 1955 to study aerospace engineering in Madras Institute of Technology. 13 While kalam was working on a senior class project, the dean was dissatisfied with his lack of progress and threatened to revoke his scholarship unless the project was finished within the next three days. Kalam met the deadline, impressing the dean, who later said to him, "I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a difficult deadline". 23 he narrowly missed achieving his dream of becoming a fighter pilot, as he placed ninth in qualifiers, and only eight positions were available in the iaf. 24 Career as a scientist This was my first stage, in which I learnt leadership from three great teachers—Dr vikram Sarabhai, prof Satish Dhawan and Dr Brahm Prakash. This was the time of learning and acquisition of knowledge for. abdul Kalam 25 After graduating from the madras Institute of Technology in 1960, kalam joined the aeronautical development Establishment of the defence research and development Organisation (by Press Information Bureau, government of India) as a scientist after becoming a member of the defence research development.business
Nadu. His father jainulabdeen was a boat owner and imam of a local mosque; 9 his mother Ashiamma was a housewife. His father owned a ferry that took hindu pilgrims back and forth between Rameswaram and the now uninhabited Dhanushkodi. 14 15 Kalam was the youngest of four brothers and one sister in his family. His ancestors had been wealthy traders and landowners, with numerous properties and large tracts of land. Their business had involved trading groceries between the mainland and the island and to and from Sri lanka, as well as ferrying pilgrims between the mainland and Pamban. As a result, the family acquired the title of "Mara kalam iyakkivar" (wooden boat steerers which over the years became shortened to "Marakier." With the opening of the pamban Bridge to the mainland in 1914, however, the businesses failed and the family fortune and properties. 19 by his early childhood, kalam's family had become poor; at an early age, he sold newspapers to supplement his family's income. In his school years, kalam had average grades but was described as a bright and hardworking student who had a strong desire to learn. He spent hours on his studies, especially mathematics.
Missile man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. 2 3 4, he also played a pivotal organisational, technical, and political role in India's. Pokhran-ii nuclear tests in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974. 5 Kalam was elected as the 11th President of India in 2002 with the support of both the ruling Bharatiya janata party and the then-opposition Indian National Congress. Widely referred to as the "People's President 6 he returned to his civilian life of education, writing write and public service after a single term. He was a recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, india's highest civilian honour. While delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, kalam collapsed and died from an apparent cardiac arrest on, aged. 7 Thousands including national-level dignitaries attended the funeral ceremony held in his hometown of Rameshwaram, where he was buried with full state honours.
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This article is about the former President of India. For the Indian freedom fighter, see. In this, indian name, the name, avul pakir jainulabdeen is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be referred to by the given name, abdul Kalam. Avul pakir jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam ( /æbdəl kəlɑm/ ( listen ) was an Indian scientist who served as the 11th, president of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born and raised. Rameswaram, tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the. Defence research and development Organisation (drdo) and, indian Space research Organisation (isro) and was intimately involved in India's civilian space programme and military missile year development efforts. 1, he thus came to be known as the.