For yachting information see. For accommodation providers go to our search page or check with Visit Scotland. Noss, the island of Noss, noss (on, nös nose ), lying just east of Bressay, has been a national Nature reserve since 1955. This small isle of 774 acres, with its dramatic outline rising from sea level to a height of 590ft at the noup, is home to a large gannet population as well as puffins, herring gulls, kittiwakes, guillemots and razorbills. Erosion has created the stone ledges that provide ideal nesting sites for the residents of seabird city. Great skuas (bonxies) nest in the moorland interior and plant life is abundant 150 species of flowering plant have been recorded.
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World War 1 gun at Bard head. The 226m Ward of Bressay is a lookout point with spectacular views as far as Unst and fair Isle. During both World Wars Bressay guarded the approaches to one of the best natural harbours in the north Atlantic. The square tower on Anderhill is a first World War lookout station, impressive first World War guns still stand at Aith Ness and the bard and there are remains of a second World War anti-aircraft gun battery at Cruester. Today bressay has about 340 residents. The ferry and fish factory provide employment but most of the workforce commutes to the mainland. The hotel on the island has recently re-opened, but the community is vulnerable, particularly following closure of the local school. But the school buildings near the shop, hall, kirk and marina, and just linda 15 minutes walk from the ferry, have been taken on by Bressay development Group and now house the Speldiburn café and community hub. Information on facilities and events is found at essay. The ro-ro ferry makes frequent daily sailings to Bressay from the Esplanade in Lerwick. Check ferry information on ; /ferries.
Gardie house, home of the laird, was built in 1724. Quarries that supplied Lerwicks stone and slate are barbing at Aith in the northeast of the island, with workers houses among the extensive spoil on the hillside. In the mid-17th century, 1,500 Dutch herring vessels gathered at the start of the fishing season. Bressay folk traded food and woollens for fine cloth, brandy and tobacco. . In the late 19th/early 20th centuries, lerwick was the most important herring fishing port in Europe and remains of herring stations are found along the Bressay coast. The lighthouse was built by the famous Stevensons in 1858 and is dramatically sited above a beautiful natural arch. Today the lightkeepers cottages are self-catering accommodation.
The coastline is perfect for kayaking and coasteering, with dramatic cliffs like the Ord, a striking natural arch giants Leg and sea caves. Divers and snorkellers can discover rocky reefs, and kelp beds that house starfish, crabs, sea urchins, soft corals and jellyfish. Experienced divers may explore numerous shipwrecks, several of which are commemorated on land through Rescues and Wrecks panels developed by Bressay school pupils, and a memorial cairn to winchman William deacon who lost his life during the remarkable lifeboat and helicopter rescue. Green Lily, which sank in 1997. Bressay (broad island from on breiðey ) shows evidence of occupation from neolithic times. The fascinating site write of Cullingsbrough boasts a neolithic dyke, viking houses and the mound of a broch over which the 10th century chapel and graveyard of St Marys are sited. A large carved Pictish stone was found here and a replica remains on site while the original supermarket can be seen in the national Museum of Scotland. Bressay sound has provided a safe and sheltered anchorage for centuries. Bressay was a thriving fishing and farming community before lerwick was established during the 17th century.
Roadside verges and meadows are a riot of wild flowers in June and July, with fine purple orchids in wetter pasture, while in late summer the hills glow purple with heather. Atlantic puffin with a catch of sandeel. Bressay is sandstone, its faults and volcanic vents hinting at a turbulent past. The rocks are sediments eroded from the caledonian mountains 400 million years ago during the devonian Period. Plant fossils from this time are found in quarries. The sandstone flags make excellent building material, evidenced by drystone dykes and croft buildings. The picturesque houses in the deserted settlement at Wadbister are built to a very high standard with blind presses (cupboards) in the gables, unusual fireplaces and even a souterrain. Bressays rocks and landforms make it a real adventure playground. Sea-cliff climbing ranges from Diff.
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Papil geo, isle of Noss, Bressay, coordinates : plan 6009N 105W /.150N.083W /.150; -1.083 Retrieved from " p? Home area guides bressay and Noss, bressay, the south end of Bressay. Bressay, seven minutes by ferry from Lerwick, offers Shetland in miniature inspiring coastal landscapes, wildlife up close, and sites of historical, natural and adventure interest. Exchange the bustle of town for a friendly rural atmosphere and explore the island that is one of Shetlands best kept secrets. A guidebook developed by Bressay history Group is available from Bressay heritage centre (open may to september and by appointment in October). The centre houses exhibitions, provides leaflets answers for scenic heritage walks, and is home to Cruester burnt mound an enigmatic Bronze age monument that was excavated and relocated to save it from erosion by the sea.
Bressay is perfect for exploration by bicycle, walkers can hunt for geocaches at some fascinating locations and regular boat trips around Bressay and Noss are available during the summer. Puffin cliffs and a colony of great skuas exist alongside breeding curlew, whimbrel, plover, lapwing, dunlin, merlin and more. Red-throated divers nest on some lochs and one of Britains biggest gannet colonies is just across the water. Native mammals are grey seal, common seal and occasional porpoises, dolphins and whales. Otters, sheep, mice, rats, rabbits, hedgehogs and frogs have been introduced.
5 During World War i and ii gun emplacements were built to guard Bressay sound. Infrastructure edit Attractions on the island include Bressay lighthouse. At Maryfield there is a heritage centre, a hotel and the old laird 's mansion, gardie house, built in 1724. The northern Lights Spa hotel at Uphouse is Britain's most northerly spa. 9 10 Frequent car ferries sail from Maryfield to lerwick on the Shetland mainland.
During the summer months, a passenger ferry service links the east coast of Bressay with the nature reserve island of Noss. Lerwick and Bressay parish Church (of the Church of Scotland ) has three places of worship. The Bressay church building is located close to the marina, near the centre of the west coast of the island. Gallery edit Images of Bressay full-rigged ship maella, of Oslo, in Bressay sound circa 1922 Loch of Setter view of Lerwick from Bressay the pictish Bressay stone see also edit references edit haswell-Smith, hamish (2004). Smith, Brian (1988 "Shetland in Saga-time: re-reading the Orkneyinga saga northern Studies, edinburgh: Scottish Society for Northern Studies, 25 : 2141 Thomson, william. (2008 The new History of Orkney, edinburgh: Birlinn, isbn external links edit cullingsbrough, bressay-history-group. Archived on March 2, 2012.
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Earl of Orkney, brusi sigurdsson. This possibility is supported by a later reference to his son. Rögnvald as "Lord of the Shetlanders" and Thompson (2008) is in "no doubt " that Shetland specifically was in Brusi's possession during his joint earldom with his brothers. The, bressay stone is an outstanding example of, pictish art. A slab of chlorite slate, about 16 inches wide at the top, tapering to less than a foot at the bottom. 5 The slender sides are engraved with ogham, presentation and the two faces with various examples of knotwork, and imagery. The top of each face has a cross. On one side, there is an engraving of two men with crosiers, as well as various animals including horses, pigs, and what appears to be someone in the process of being swallowed by two sea monsters. It has been suggested that this is Jonah.
Bressay was quarried extensively for building materials, used all over Shetland, especially in nearby. There are a number of sea caves and arches. The largest of eleven lochs on the island are the loch of Grimsetter in the east, and the loch of Brough. Wildlife edit, bressay has a large number of migrant birds, especially in the east. The loch of Grimsetter is a haven for waders and whooper swans. In the far south, there is a colony. History edit, the name of the island may have been recorded in 1263 as 'Breiðoy' (. Old Norse "broad island. In a 1490 document the island is referred to as "Brwsøy" - "Brusi's ppt island" which name may indicate it was the 11th century base for.
a populated island in the. Shetland archipelago of Scotland. Contents, geography and geology edit, bressay lies due south of, whalsay, west. Noss, and north of, mousa. At 11 square miles (28 km2 it is the fifth largest island in Shetland. The population is around 360 people, 2 concentrated in the middle of the west coast, around Glebe and Fullaburn. The island is made. Old Red Sandstone with some basaltic intrusions.
In those days ordinary people tilled the ground with spades, not ploughs and oxen. By professional the early 19th century there was a second settlement on Noss, at Setter, half way between the low-lying western end of the isle and the cliffs to the east. By 1861 the population peaked at 24, but may have included some visiting fishermen who spent the census night in summer lodges at booth's voe. From 1871 to 1900 the marquis of Londonderry took a lease of Noss to breed. Shetland Ponies for his county durham coal mines. A display in the old Pony pund tells the story of this rather cruel trade, which also involved building a stone wall around the higher cliffs to stop the mares falling over. The stallions were kept. Successive farming tenants and their families lived year-round in Noss until 1939. After that it was occupied in summer only until 1969 when the last resident tenant (who was also honorary rspb birdwatcher and ferryman) gave up the lease.
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A fertile and Productive island, as well as its fascinating natural history, noss has a long history of human occupation, starting with a burnt mound at Hellia cluve which may be 4,000 years old. Place name evidence and the remains of a mediaeval chapel on Big Ness promontory of the buildings suggest that Noss was home to a celtic Christian community before the viking invasion. What those marauders did to the priests in Papil geo the Priests' cove may be imagined. From time to time, winter storms shift the sands at Nesti voe to reveal human bones from the ancient graveyard. The sandy soils around the 17th century house at Hametoun were easy to work - and to fertilise with seaweed from beaches such as da stinkin' geos the smelly coves' where storm-blown seaweed lies and rots to this day). In subsistence times Noss was a very productive island, where good crops of oats and barley could grow and the grazing was so good there was even a milk surplus to make cheese. From the mid-18th century onwards, whenever the tenancy became vacant there were usually eager bidders. Signs of that relative prosperity are still visible writing in the long, slightly curved 'rigs' on Turr Ness - the traces of ploughing by oxen which were swum across the sound from Bressay at low tide and herded at night in da owsen's Pund (the oxen's.