The congress in 1912 had been the party of moderates and elites. Nehru harboured doubts regarding the ineffectualness of the congress but agreed to work for the party in support of the Indian civil rights movement in south Africa. He collected funds for the civil rights campaigners led by mahatma gandhi in 1913. Later, he campaigned against the indentured labour and other such discriminations faced by Indians in the British colonies.20. World War i, when World War I broke out, sympathy in India was divided. Although educated Indians "by and large took a vicarious pleasure" in seeing the British rulers humbled, the ruling upper classes sided with the Allies. Nehru confessed that he viewed the war with mixed feelings. Frank moraes wrote: "If Nehru's sympathy was with any country it was with France, whose culture he greatly admired." During the war, nehru volunteered for the St John Ambulance and worked as one of the provincial secretaries of the organisation in Allahabad.
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After completing his degree in 1910, nehru moved to london and studied law at Inner temple Inn14 During this time, he continued to study the scholars of the fabian Society including beatrice webb.9 he was called to the bar in 1912,14. Advocate practice, after returning to India irony in August 1912, nehru enrolled himself as an advocate of the Allahabad High court and tried to settle down as a barrister. But, unlike his father, he had only a desultory interest in his profession and did not relish either the practice of law or the company of lawyers. He wrote: "Decidedly the atmosphere was not intellectually stimulating and a sense of the utter insipidity of life grew upon."9 His involvement in nationalist politics would gradually replace his legal practice in the coming years.9. The nehru family. 1890s, nehru dressed in cadet uniform at Harrow School in England. Nehru at the Allahabad High court. Struggle for Indian independence (19121947 britain, nehru had developed an interest in Indian politics during his time in Britain. Within months of his return to India in 1912 he had attended an annual session of the Indian National Congress in Patna. He was disconcerted with what he saw as a "very much an English-knowing upper class affair".
I mused of Indian freedom and Asiatic freedom from the thraldom of Europe."9 Later when he had begun his institutional margaret schooling in 1905 at Harrow, a leading school in England, he was greatly influenced. Trevelyan's Garibaldi books, which he had received as prizes for academic merit. He viewed Garibaldi as a revolutionary hero. He wrote: "Visions of similar deeds in India came before, of my gallant fight for Indian freedom and in my mind India and Italy got strangely mixed together."9. Graduation, nehru went to Trinity college, cambridge in October 1907 and graduated with an honours degree in natural science in 1910. During this period, he also studied politics, economics, history and literature desultorily. Writings of Bernard Shaw,. Keynes, bertrand Russell, lowes Dickinson and Meredith Townsend moulded much of his political and economic thinking.9.
Brooks, he became interested in science and theosophy.9 he was subsequently initiated into the Theosophical Society at age thirteen by family friend Annie besant. However, his interest in theosophy did not prove to be enduring and he left the society shortly after Brooks departed as his tutor. He wrote: "for nearly three years Brooks was with me and in many ways he influenced me greatly".9. Nehru's theosophical interests had induced him to the study of the buddhist and Hindu scriptures.11 According to bal Ram Nanda, these scriptures were nehru's "first introduction to the religious and cultural heritage of ey provided Nehru the initial impulse for his long intellectual quest which. The discovery of India."11, youth, nehru became an write ardent nationalist during his youth. The second boer War and the russo-japanese war intensified his feelings. About the latter he wrote, "The japanese victories had stirred up my enthusiasm. Nationalistic ideas filled my mind.
His father, motilal Nehru (18611931 a wealthy barrister who belonged to the kashmiri pandit community, served twice as President of the Indian National Congress during the Independence Struggle. His mother, Swaruprani Thussu (18681938 who came from a well-known Kashmiri Brahmin family settled in Lahore,5 was Motilal's second wife, the first having died in child birth. Jawaharlal was the eldest of three children, two of whom were girls. The elder sister, vijaya lakshmi, later became the first female president of the United Nations General Assembly.7 The youngest sister, Krishna hutheesing, became a noted writer and authored several books on her brother. Childhood, nehru described his childhood as a "sheltered and uneventful one". He grew up in an atmosphere of privilege at wealthy homes including a palatial estate called the Anand Bhavan. His father had him educated at home by private governesses and tutors. Under the influence of a tutor, ferdinand.
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The muslim league under his old Congress colleague and now opponent, muhammad Ali jinnah, had come to dominate muslim politics in India. Negotiations between Nehru and Jinnah for power sharing failed and gave way to the independence and bloody partition of India in 1947. Nehru was elected by the congress to assume office as independent India's first Prime minister, although the question of leadership had been settled as far back as 1941, when Gandhi acknowledged alienated Nehru as his political heir and successor. As Prime minister, he set out to realise his vision of India. The constitution of India was enacted in 1950, after which he embarked on an ambitious program of economic, social and political reforms. Chiefly, he oversaw India's transition from a colony to a republic, while nurturing a plural, multi-party system.
In foreign policy, he took a leading role in the non-Aligned movement while projecting India as a regional hegemon in south Asia. Under Nehru's leadership, the congress emerged as a catch-all party, dominating national and state-level politics and winning consecutive elections in 1951, 1957, and 1962. He remained popular with the people of India in spite of political troubles in his final years and failure of leadership during the 1962 Sino-Indian War. In India, his birthday is celebrated. Bal Diwas children's day). Early life and career (18891912 born. Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 november 1889 in Allahabad in British India.
Jawaharlal Nehru 1Hindustani: dʒəʋaɦərlal neɦru ( listen 14 november 1889 ) was the first Prime minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. He emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage of Mahatma gandhi and ruled India from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in 1964. He is considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state: a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. He was also known. Pandit Nehru due to his roots with the kashmiri pandit community while many Indian children knew him.
Chacha nehru (Hindi, lit., "Uncle nehru.23, the son of Motilal Nehru, a prominent lawyer and nationalist statesman and Swaroop Rani, nehru was a graduate of Trinity college, cambridge and the Inner Temple, where he trained to be a barrister. Upon his return to India, he enrolled at the Allahabad High court, and took an interest in national politics, which eventually replaced his legal practice. A committed nationalist since his teenage years, he became a rising figure in Indian politics during the upheavals of the 1910s. He became the prominent leader of the left-wing factions of the Indian National Congress during the 1920s, and eventually of the entire congress, with the tacit approval of his mentor, gandhi. As Congress President in 1929, nehru called for complete independence from the British Raj and instigated the congress's decisive shift towards the left. Nehru and the congress dominated Indian politics during the 1930s as the country moved towards independence. His idea of a secular nation-state was seemingly validated when the congress, under his leadership, swept the 1937 provincial elections and formed the government in several provinces; on the other hand, the separatist Muslim league fared much poorer. But these achievements were seriously compromised in the aftermath of the quit India movement in 1942, which saw the British effectively crush the congress as a political organisation. Nehru, who had reluctantly heeded Gandhi's call for immediate independence, for he had desired to support the Allied war effort during World War ii, came out of a lengthy prison term to a much altered political landscape.
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