On november 23, 2006 Alexander Litvinenko, an ex-kgb officer exiled in London, died of Polonium-210 poisoning. The possible crime scenes, including the offices, restaurants, hotels, cars, and airplanes tainted by the rare radioactive isotope, were badly compromised by the three week delay in examining them. The coroner's Report still has not been released, so there is no official cause of death. The lack of evidence has given rise to a rich proliferation of conspiracy theories that deserves a taxonomy. The first question: how did litvinenko die? The poisoned Sushi Theory, proponent : Alexander Litvinenko, thesis : Litvinenko had been poisoned by thallium, a rat poison, in the Itsu sushi restaurant.
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These examples have been automatically selected and may contain sensitive content. Read more, is this what the early proponents of liberation for women were seeking? Times, sunday times (2012)He was an early proponent of taking officers out of patrol cars and back on the beat. Times, sunday times (2011)She is the most high-profile proponent of a theory that video games have the power to heal. Times, sunday times (2016)Not at dubai all, say its proponents. Times, sunday times (2006)He was a leading proponent of a rational, sensible approach. Times, sunday times (2013)There, he was an early proponent of the armed attack helicopter. Times, sunday times (2007)And the benefits, say the proponents of surgical trials, are not negligible. Dylan evans placebo: The belief Effect (2003)This made them strong proponents of individual liberty and strong opponents of government intervention in society, other than to protect the individual and his property rights. Pass, Christopher, lowes, Bryan Collins Dictionary of Economics (1993).
quot;s are properly cited according to the required referencing style. All"s are introduced golf and the reason for their inclusion in the dissertation is clear. Shortened"s remain in context and do not contradict the authors original meaning. If applicable, long"s are correctly formatted as block"tions. The sources for all"s are included in the reference list. The use of"s in your dissertation should be perfect! Now you can use our other checklists to make your thesis even better. See all other checklists Return to checklist.
Be sure to check with your university to see whether there is a specific percentage of"s that must be adhered to in your dissertation. How to paraphrase"ng is just one way you can use the ideas of other researchers in your dissertation. A tool you will use with even more frequency is paraphrasing, which involves stating someone essays elses idea in your own words. When you encounter a long piece of text or even an entire study that you wish to use to support your research, you can also summarize the information. All"s are highly relevant to the research topic. quot;s are only used when absolutely necessary. quot;s comprise no more than 5 (or your universitys requirement) of the final text. Any"s used would not be more effective as paraphrased text.
Chicago A: A famous soccer player always said, playing soccer with each other on a beautiful Sunday afternoon is the greatest thing there.1 Sometimes the differences between how to cite are very subtle, while other referencing styles vary significantly. How many"s should you use As using a large number of"s does not increase the readability of your dissertation or thesis, it is wise to limit the frequency and occurrence. Plus, if you use too many"s, you may appear lazy, as though you do not understand the source properly or like you did not read the entire text. Most academic sources recommend that"s comprise roughly 10 of your dissertation; we advise you to aim for 5 or less. Therefore, you should limit the use of"s to only when necessary. Your own voice should always be dominant in your paper. The subject of study also has an impact on how many"s you use. For example, more"s will be required in humanities research compared with scientific study, which typically focuses more on summarizing or experiments and results.
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When to block" according to referencing style reference styleapaharvardChicago When to block""s longer than 40 words"s longer than 30 words"s longer than 100 words Example of an apa block": Tolkien favours the use of long sentences and detailed descriptions. Indeed, in some cases, tolkiens sentences are so long they form a paragraph of their own: to the end of his days Bilbo could never remember how he found himself outside, without a hat, a walking-stick or any money, or anything that he usually paper took. 16) report Example of a harvard block": Tolkien favours the use of long sentences and detailed descriptions that envelop the reader in the fictional world of his creation. (Tolkien 1937) Example of a chicago block": Tolkien favours the use of long sentences and detailed descriptions that envelop the reader in the fictional world of his creation: to the end of his days Bilbo could never remember how he found himself outside, without. Very puffed he was, when he got to bywater just on the stroke of eleven, and found he had come without a pocket-handkerchief!
1 How to cite a" All direct"s (and paraphrased ideas) must include a citation of the original source. If you do not cite the"s used, you risk committing plagiarism. The way you cite a source depends on the referencing style for your thesis. It is important to be aware of the specific rules for"ng according to the referencing style you are required to use. Examples of in-text citations: apa style: A famous soccer player always said, playing soccer with each other on a beautiful Sunday afternoon is the greatest thing there is (Sneijder, 2013,. Harvard: A famous soccer player always said, playing soccer with each other on a beautiful Sunday afternoon is the greatest thing there is (Sneijder, 2013).
Do not use a shortened" from a source that otherwise contradicts or does not agree with the context as evidence. Example of a shortened". Original": While some geneticists favour the theory of a single mass exodus from Africa approximately 60,000 years ago, director of paleoanthropology at the University of Tubingen, katerina harvati, is one among many who argue for multiple migrations: Our previous work found that multiple dispersals. Shortened": While some geneticists favour the theory of a single mass exodus from Africa approximately 60,000 years ago, director of paleoanthropology at the University of Tubingen, katerina harvati, is one among many who argue for multiple migrations: Our previous work found that multiple dispersals. Are most compatible with the pattern of both cranial and genetic variation observed among people today (Boissoneault, 2018).
As you can see, the shortened" is more to the point, but remains in context. This example is also useful to see how to add text to a". This is only to be done when the original" clearly misses a word that should be there. In this case, years-ago has been added as the speaker forgot to include this, but the reader needs the additional words to clearly understand the sentence. How to block", if you have found a longer" that simply must be used in its entirety and not paraphrased or shortened, you will need to format it as a block of indented text,. This is most common in research about literature or poetry, where detailed analysis of the original text may be required and your readers will need to see examples.
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How long should a" be? The use of"s does not show original thinking, so you should always try to keep a" as short as possible, preferably no longer than a few sentences. In academic writing, it is preferable to use"s sparingly, so there is no specific daddy standard regarding minimum or maximum word count. However, a" of more than 40 words is considered long. In this case, it is most often better to summarize the information rather than". Shortening a", pdf you can also shorten a"; for example, you might replace a redundant or irrelevant part of a" with ellipses. If shortening a", be careful not to take it out of context.
You can use a" to provide evidence or support an argument. Elizabeth Bennet shows that her respect for societys hierarchy has a limit, as she disregards propriety in favour of speaking in defence of herself toward the end of the book: I have said no such thing. I am only resolved to act in that manner, which will, in my own opinion, constitute my happiness, without reference to you, or to any person so wholly unconnected with me (Austen, 1813,. How to incorporate"s, there are three main ways to incorporate"s in your dissertation or thesis. Here are some examples: Introduce the author, followed by the": According to levring (2018 support for the eu in Denmark is growing, and A membership referendum held today would be backed by 55 percent of Danish voters. Incorporate the" into your paragraph: Many european nations have shown humorous increasing support of the eu in the wake of the so-called Brexit vote. In Denmark for example, a membership referendum held today would be backed by 55 percent of Danish voters (Levring, 2018). Introduce the study or article itself: In his 2018 article Brexit Triggers a surge in Danish Backing to Stay inside the eu, levring stated that A membership referendum held today would be backed by 55 percent of Danish voters.
a computer system or a private network inside a computer. Simply put, it is the unauthorised access to or control over computer network security systems for some illicit purpose (Times Syndication Service, 2018). You can use a" because paraphrasing would diminish the quality of the original text or the idea. Immigration rights are becoming increasingly important in 21st century politics. Indeed, political activist Angela davis recently stated: the major civil rights issue of the 21st century is the issue of immigrant rights. Not only in Europe or the United States, but everywhere — from south America to Africa and Australia (Mineo, 2018).
They will be an incidental part of business your findings during the literature review stage of your thesis. The literature review involves analysing the extant literature to find relevant sources that help with defining concepts, supporting your ideas or providing alternate views. This analysis and processing of the available literature is a key part of what you will be assessed on, so it is vital that you evaluate each source carefully. During this stage, you may identify certain sources or passages of text that will add value to your own dissertation. It is these sources or passages of text that will end up being summarized, paraphrased and"d in your dissertation. Therefore, you should keep a careful record of your sources and take note of particular passages that may be useful"s later. You can check your thesis or essay for plagiarism in less than 10 minutes?
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The purpose of your research is to explore an original idea or for theory. While your own voice and understanding of the concepts involved in your dissertation must be dominant, you will also use ideas and studies from others, which sometimes means"ng sources directly. quot;ng is one of three options for correctly making use of someone elses ideas. The other two methods are paraphrasing and summarizing. Table of contents, what is a"? A" is when you literally copy a passage of someone elses words, whether it be a short phrase, a sentence or a small paragraph. Example of a": As natural selection acts solely by accumulating slight, successive, favourable variations, it can produce no great or sudden modification; it can act only by very short and slow steps (Darwin, 1859,. Where to begin with"s, you will not set out to find"s.